Born in Canandaigua, upstate New York, Arthur Dove was among the first twentieth-century American artists to produce purely abstract, or non-objective, paintings—a practice he continued to varying degrees throughout his career. Derived from landscape and organic subjects, many of his abstractions display the influence of Asian art. Dove used color freely along with calligraphic lines emphasizing energy or force. He generally made watercolor sketches outdoors and, later, oil paintings in his studio. Dove also created two- and three-dimensional assemblages from materials including aluminum, tin, copper, glass, wood, fabric, and found objects. He was a meticulous craftsman.
During his lifetime, Dove exhibited widely, with Alfred Stieglitz and at other venues including in museums such as the Whitney Museum of American Art and the Museum of Modern Art, both in New York, and the Phillips Memorial Art Gallery in Washington, D.C. Today, his work is represented in major private and public collections, including the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Whitney Museum of American Art, New York; Brooklyn Museum, New York; The Phillips Collection, Washington, D.C.; Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania; Yale University Art Gallery, Connecticut, and Randolph-Macon Woman's College, Virginia.